The lovers Pururavas and Urvashi, Gupta style, 5th century

The lovers Pururavas and Urvasi, Gupta style, 5th century

The reign of the Gupta Dynasty (4th to 6th centuries), in north India and eastern Pakistan, is known for its peace, prosperity, and culture. Vikramorvashi by Kalidasa is a verse play in Sanskrit about a king driven mad by love—a theme that re-occurs later in the Islamic era.